Monday, 7 February 2011

Potatoes

Chitting (preparing for planting)
Unpack the potatoes and place into a seed tray, shallow box or egg boxes with the end showing the most eye/shoots facing upwards. Keep in a light, cool but frost free area so they produce short, stubby 'chits' or shoots.


Planting
Plant potatoes once the soil has started to warm and all risk of frost has passed. Plant with the shoots facing upwards.
Plant 4-6 inches / 10-15cm deep.
Plant 12-18 inches / 30-45cm apart in your rows.
Plant each row 24-30in / 60-75cm apart.

Plant First Earlies: March - April.
Second Earlies, Main Crop & Salads: April - May.


As the shoots and leaves grow, carefully earth them up (drawing soil up to the plants). This will prevent light reaching the tubers. Repeat as the plant develops. Water well & regularly during dry weather.

Harvesting
First Earlies: 10-12 weeks after planting.
Second Earlies: 13-15 weeks after planting.
Main Crop: 15-22 weeks after planting.

Use hessian or paper sacks to sore the Main Crop varieties in a dark, cool but frost free shed or garage.

Varieties
4Accent 8 First Early 8 Great for Roasting, Mashing & Chips
4Accord 8 Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for Wedges
4Altesse 8 Second Early 8 Great for Salads
4Amandine 8 First Early 8 Great for Salads

4Ambo 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Boiling & Jackets
4Anoe (Claire) 8 First Early 8 Great for Salads

4Anya 8 Salad Potato 8 Floury 8 Great for Salads
4Arran Pilot 8 First Early 8 Great for Jackets
4Arran Victory 8 Second Early 8 Great for Jackets, Mashing & Roasting
4Belle de Fontenay 8 Main Crop 8 Waxy 8 Great for Salads
4BF15 8 First Early 8 Great for Salads
4Cara 8 Maincrop 8 Waxy 8 Great for Jackets, Chips & Roasting

4Carlingford 8 Second Early 8 Floury 8 Great for Wedges & Salads
4Catriona 8 Second Early 8 Great for Roasting
4Celine 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Boiling, Roasting, Chips & Jackets
4Charlotte 8 Second Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for Potato Salads
4Cherie 8 First Early 8 Great for Salads

4Cosmos 8 Second Early 8 Great for Boiling, Roasting, Mashing & Jackets
4Desiree 8 Maincrop 8 Floury 8 Great All Rounder/Great for Roasting, Chips, Mashing, Jackets & Dauphinoise
4Duke of York 8 First Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for Jackets & Salads
4Dunbar Standard 8 Second Early 8 Great for Roasting & Chips
4Dundrod 8 First Early 8 Waxy

4Dunluce 8 First Early
4Edzell Blue 8 Second Early 8 Great for Jackets & Roasting
4Epicure 8 First Early 8 Great for Jackets & Mashing
4Estima 8 Second Early 8 Floury 8 Great for Boiling & Jackets
4Fianna 8 Maincrop 8 Floury
4Foremost 8 First Early 8 Great for Jackets

4Franceline 8 Second Early 8 Great for Salads
4Golden Wonder 8 Maincrop 8 Floury 8 Great for Chips
4Harmony 8 Maincrop 8 Waxy 8 Great for Boiling, Mashing & Harmony
4Highland Burgundy Red
4International Kidney 8 First Early 8 Great for Chips & Salads
4Juliette 8 Second Early 8 Great for Salads
4Kerr's Pink 8 Salad Potato 8 Floury 8 Great for Chips & Mashing
4Kestrel 8 Second Early 8 Great for Jackets, Mashing, Chips & Roasting

4King Edward 8 Maincrop 8 Floury 8 Great All Rounder/Great for Roasting, Jackets, Chips & Dauphinoise
4Kondor 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Boiling, Roasting & Jackets
4Lady Christl 8 First Early

4La Ratte 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Salads
4Linzer Delikatess 8 Second Early 8 Great for Salads

4Majestic 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Chips & Mashing
4Marfona 8 Second Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for Jackets
4Maris Bard 8 First Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for New Potatoes
4Maris Peer 8 Second Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for Potato Salads & Jackets
4Maris Piper 8 Maincrop 8 Floury 8 Great All Rounder/Great for Roasting, Salads, Mashing, Jackets & Chips
4Maxine 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Boiling, Roasting, Mashing & Jackets
4Merlin 8 Second Early 8 Great for Mashing
4Mona Lisa 8 Second Early 8 Great for Roasting

4Nadine 8 Second Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for Mashing, Chips & Baking
4Nicola 8 8 Waxy 8 Great for Potato Salads
4Osprey 8 Second Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for Boiling, Mashing & Roasting
4Pentland Crown 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Mashing
4Pentland Dell 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Chips

4Pentland Javelin 8 First Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for Jackets
4Pentland Square 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Boiling & Jackets
4Picasso 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Boiling, Roasting & Jackets

4Pink Fir Apple 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Jackets & Salads
4Pomfine 8 First Early 8 Great for Salads

4Pompadour 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Salads
4Premiere 8 First Early 8 Floury 8 Great for New Potatoes & Chips
4Record 8 Maincrop
4Red Duke of York 8 First Early 8 Great for Jackets & Salads

4Remarko 8 Second Early 8 Great for Roasting & Mashing
4Rocket 8 First Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for New Potatoes, Jackets & Chips
4Romano 8 Maincrop 8 Floury 8 Great for Wedges, Roasting, Jackets & Boiling
4Rooster 8 Maincrop 8 Floury 8 Great for Mashing
4Rosabelle 8 First Early 8 Great for Salads
4Roseval 8 Second Early 8 Great for Salads

4Salad Blue
4Sante 8 Maincrop 8 Floury 8 Great for Chips, Mashing & Roasting
4Sarpo Mira 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Boiling, Mashing, Salads & Jacket

4Saxon 8 Second Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for Mashing, Chips & Jackets
4Sharpes Express 8 First Early
4Stemster 8 Maincrop 8 Great for Boiling, Roasting, Mashing, Chips & Jackets

4Swift 8 First Early 8 Great for Jackets, Salads, Chips & Roasting
4Ulster Chieftain 8 First Early 8 Great for Roasting & Salads
4Valor 8 Second Early 8 Great for Roasting & Chips
4Vanessa 8 First Early 8 Great for Jackets

4Wilja 8 Second Early 8 Waxy 8 Great for Mashing, Roasting, Salads & Jackets
4Winston 8 First Early 8 Great for Jackets, Mashing & Chips
4Yukon Gold 8 Second Early 8 Great for Chips

Allotment Planning

To grow:

n Amaranth
n Asparagus
4 Connovers Colossal a
4 Dariana
4 Franklin
4 Mary Washington
n Asparagus Beans/Yard Long Beans a
n Asparagus Pea a
n Aubergines
4 Black Beauty
4 Black Enorma
4 Long Purple
4 Mini Bambino
4 Money Maker No 2
4 Slim Jim
4 Snowy
n Beetroot
4 Boltardy a
4 Burpees Golden
4 Chioggia
4 Pronto
n Blackcurrant
n Borlotti Beans
4 Borlotto Lingua di Fuoco 2 a
n Broad Beans
4 Aqualdulce Claudia a
4 Bunyards Exhibition
4 Futura
4 Green White Windsors
4 Red Epicure
4 Stereo
4 Super Aquadulce*
4 The Sutton (Dwarf) a
n Broccoli:
= Purple Sprouting:
4Claret
4Purple Sprouting Early
4Purple Sprouting Late
4Red Arrow
4Rudolph
= White Sprouting:
4White Eye
4White Stem
n Brussels Sprouts
4Braveheart
4Early Half Tall
4Noisette
4Red Bull
4Rubine a
4Seven Hills
4Trafalgar
n Cabbage
4Duncan
4Spring Hero
n Calabrese
4Chevalier
4Corvet
4Green Sprouting
4Romanesco
4Trixie
n Cardoons
n Carrots
4Amini
4Autumn King
4Berlicum
4Chantenay Red Cored
4Cubic
4Flyaway
4James Scarlet Intermediate
4Kinbi
4Nantes 2
4Parabell
4Parmex
4Primo
4St Valery
4Sytan
n Cauliflower
4All The Year Round a
4Alverde
4Armado April
4Limelight
4Minaret
4Nautilus
4Purple Cape
4Red Lion
4Vilna
4Walcheren Winter
4White Rock
n Celeriac
4Monarch
4Tellus
nCelery:
= Green:
4Greensnap
4Ventura
= Pink:
4Pink Blush
= White:
4Celebrity
4Ivory Tower
4Victoria
n Celtuce
n Chard
n Chenopodium
n Chicory
n Chinese Artichoke
n Courgette
4Albarello di Sarzana
4All Green Bush
4Defender
4Gold Bush
4Nano Verde di Milano
4Nero di Milan
4Partenon F1
4Rondo di Nizza
4Taxi
4Trombocino
n Cucumber
4Burpless Tasty Green a
4Crystal Apple
4Dinia
4Zeina
n Dwarf French Beans
4Aiguillon
4Canadian Wonder*
4Hildora
4Masterpiece Stringless
4Purple Queen
4Purple Teepee
4Rocquencourt
n Edible Flowers
4Anchusa
4Anise Hyssop
4Bellis Daisy
4Borage
4Calendulas a
4Carnations/Pinks
4Chives
4Coriander
4Dandelion
4Dill a
4Hemerocallis a
4Hollyhock
4Jacobs Ladder
4Primrose
4Rocket
4Rose
4Society Garlic

4Sunflower
4Sweet Bergamot
4Sweet William
4Tagetes
4Violas
n Fennel
4Firo
4Romanesco
n Flageolet Beans
4Cherrier Vert
4Marengo
n French Beans
4Blauhilde
4Blue Lake
4Eva
4Neckar Queen
4Purple Podded Climbing
n Globe Artichoke
4Gros vert du Laon a
4Romanesco
4Violetta di Chioggia a
n Good King Henry

n Gooseberry a
n Green Garlic
4Cristo
4Elephant
n Jerusalem Artichoke
a
n Jostaberry
n Kohlrabi
4Azur Star
4Blusta
4Cindy
4Delikatess Blauer
4Delikatess White
4Trero
n Leeks
4D'Hiver de Saint Victor a
4Hannibal
n Lettuce – Cut & Come Again
4A Foglia di Quercia
4Garland Chrysanthemum/Chop Suey Greens/Shung Iku
4Iceplant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)*
4Merveille des Quatre Saisons a
4Mibuna
4Mizuna
4Mustard Komatsuna
4Mustard Red Giant
4Red Russian Kale
4Salad Rocket
4Sorrel Buckler Leaved
4Spinach Dominant
4Summer Purslane
4Tree Spinach/Magenta Spreen/Lambs Quarters
4Winter purslane*
n Lettuce – Hearting
4Black Seeded Simpson
4Cos Freckles
4Cos Little Gem
4Cos Lobjoits Green Cos
4Reine des Glaces
4Triumph

n Lingonberry
n Loganberry
n Melon
n Onions
4Radar
4Red Baron a
4Rossa Lunga di Firenze
4Sanguina di Milano
n Parsnips
4Avonreister
4Cobham Improved Marrow
4Gladiator
4Hollow Crown
4Javelin
4Tender & True
n Pea Bean
n Peas
4Douce Provence
4Early Onward
4Ezethas Krombeck Blauwschok
4Feltham First
4Hurst Green Shaft a
4Pilot
n Peppers
4Gypsy
4Jingle Bells
4Marconi Rosso
4Mini Bells
4Redskin
n Pickling Onions
4Paris Silverskin
4Purplette a
n Potatoes
4Accent (First)
4Arran Victory (Second)
4Belle de Fontenay (Main)
4BF15 (First)
4Charlotte (Second)
4Dunluce (First)
4Edzell Blue (Second)
4Epicure (First)
4Highland Burgundy Red a
4International Kidney (First) a
4Kestrel (Second)
4King Edward (Main)
4Lady Christl (First)
4La Ratte (Main)
4Majestic (Main)
4Maris Piper (Main)
4Nadine (Second)
4Nicola (Second)
4Pink Fir Apple (Main)
4Record (Main)
4Salad Blue
4Sharpes Express (First)
4Swift (First)
4Winston (First)

n Quince
n Radish
4Belrosa
4Black Spanish Round
4Cherry Belle
4D'Avignon
4French Breakfast
4Munchen Bier
4Neckarruhm Weis
4Pink Fleshed Beauty Heart
4Rondeel
4Sparkler
n Raspberry a
n Red Cabbage
4Langedijk Red
n Redcurrant

n Rhubarb a
n Runner Beans
4Czar
4Desiree
4Lady Di a
4Polestar
4Red Flame
4Scarlet Emperor
4White Emergo
n Salsify
4Giant
4Mammoth
n Shallots
4Creation
4Delicato
4Delvad
4Jermor
4Pikant
4Sante
n Skirret
n Spinach
4Dominant
4Trinidad
4Winterreizen
n Spring Onions
4North Holland Blood Red
n Squashes & Pumpkins
4Baby Bear
4Blue Ballet
4Buttercup
4Butternut Squash – Early Butternut
4Custard White
4Munchkin
4Potimarron
4Red Kuri/Uchiki Kuri a
4Rouge Vif D'Etampes
n Strawberry
a
n Strawberry Sticks
n Sugarsnap Pea
4Sugar Ann
4Sugar Rae
n Swede
4Ruby
n Sweetcorn
4Strawberry Corn
4Sweet Nugget a
4Swift

n Tayberry
n Tomatoes
n Turnip
4Atlantic
4Blanc de Croissy
4Golden Ball
4Purple Top Milan
4Snowball
4Tokyo Cross
4Veitchs Red Globe

n Whitecurrant

a Things I'll be growing in 2011.

Allotment Life

Well, I put my name on an Allotment waiting list. I spoke to the lady in charge of it, the existing allotments were in a field, of which three quarters had been converted to allotments. The farmer was in the process of ploughing up the remaining quarter, so she was readying a list for when it was complete.
I requested a half plot, then saw the error of my ways and requested a full plot instead. Allotments are in short supply and it seemed to make more sense to give half away if I couldn't use it than to have half and want more.

Because I have a bit of geek in me, I made a plan, to scale, of what I wanted to do with the space. This plan ended up being the size of one of my internal doors!
I made a list of what I wanted to grow, then I scoured my gardening books and established which varieties I wanted to grow. I went through all the seeds I already owned and made another order through the allotment society for more.

It's safe to say I have more than enough to fill a huge allotment at the moment.
But, I want to make sure to grow things that I cannot buy in the shops, or which are prohibitively expensive and which I don't have room to grow in my wee garden.
So, on my plan are areas for globe artichokes, asparagus beds (choosing varieties to extend the harvest period), then fruit beds for things like red, white & black currants, loganberries, gooseberries, etc.
I also want to grow unusual varieties like the Rubine Brussels Sprout. With the extra room I want to grow the vegetables that need a lot of time standing in the ground to whom I couldn't give up the space previously.
I'm also planning to have a large polytunnel so I can get lots of tomatoes & peppers growing.

The only real problem with the allotment is that there's no water so I'm going to have to be really careful about conserving it and finding a way to harvest as much as possible.

I've just started chitting my potatoes and this year I've chosen:
= International Kidney (First Early)
= Red Duke of York (First Early)

= Estima (Second Early)
= Cara (Main)
= Highland Burgundy Red (Main) - This one in particular is my can't-buy-in-the-shops variety, I'm looking forward to seeing it's red innards!